What Are the Symptoms of Dog Seizures? 

If your beloved canine starts acting unusually, it might leave you feeling worried and confused. Understanding dog seizure symptoms is the first step in providing your pet with the care they need. Seizures in dogs can be alarming to witness, but with early recognition and proper veterinary care, many dogs continue to lead full, happy lives. We’re here to guide you through recognizing dog seizure symptoms and helping you understand when it’s time to call us at Best Friends Veterinary Hospital for expert advice and care.


Recognizing Dog Seizure Symptoms

Seizures in dogs can range from barely noticeable to severe, making it essential for pet owners to recognize the signs. Here are the most common symptoms indicating that a dog might be experiencing a seizure:

  • Uncontrollable Shaking and Trembling: This is one of the most noticeable signs. It can look like your dog is shivering from cold but is actually a seizure symptom.
  • Loss of Consciousness: During a seizure, some dogs may lose consciousness or appear dazed and confused.
  • Stiffening: Muscles may suddenly become very stiff. You might notice your dog’s legs going rigid.
  • Chewing or Chomping: Some dogs may seem like they are chewing gum or trying to bite the air.
  • Drooling or Foaming at the Mouth: Excessive drooling or foam around the mouth can be a sign of seizures.
  • Twitching: You may observe muscles twitching, especially in the face or limbs.
  • Collapsing: In severe cases, a dog might collapse onto the ground.
  • Involuntary Urination or Defecation: Loss of bladder or bowel control is common during a seizure.

It’s vital to monitor your pet closely if you notice any of these symptoms and contact Best Friends Veterinary Hospital for guidance.

Types of Seizures in Dogs

Seizures in dogs are not a one-size-fits-all issue. They come in different types, each with its own set of challenges.

  • Generalized Seizures: Also known as grand mal seizures, these affect both sides of the brain and the entire body. They are the most common type and include symptoms like muscle rigidity, loss of consciousness, and convulsions.
  • Focal Seizures: These begin in one part of the brain and affect one side or part of the body. You might notice your dog exhibiting unusual movements in just one limb or side of the face.
  • Cluster Seizures: This term refers to multiple seizures that occur within a short period, usually within 24 hours. They can be particularly dangerous and warrant immediate veterinary attention.
  • Status Epilepticus: This is a severe condition where a dog experiences long or back-to-back seizures without regaining consciousness in between. It’s a medical emergency that requires immediate attention.

The Importance of Immediate Veterinary Care

When a dog experiences seizures, especially cluster seizures or status epilepticus, getting immediate veterinary care is crucial. Early intervention can prevent complications and improve your dog’s prognosis.

What Causes Seizures in Dogs?

Identifying the cause of seizures in dogs can be challenging, as they can stem from various issues. Some common causes include:

  • Some breeds are more prone to epilepsy, which is often inherited.
  • Issues like liver disease or low blood sugar 
  • Ingesting poisons or toxic substances 
  • Abnormal growths in the brain 
  • Certain infectious diseases

Understanding the cause of your dog’s seizures is vital for effective treatment, which is why a visit to Best Friends Veterinary Hospital is recommended if you suspect your dog is having seizures.

Diagnosing and Treating Dog Seizures

The process of diagnosing dog seizures typically involves a thorough medical history, a physical examination, and possibly diagnostic tests like blood work or an MRI. These tests help determine the underlying cause of the seizures and guide the treatment plan.

Personalized Treatment Plans

At Best Friends Veterinary Hospital, we understand that each dog is unique. That’s why we create personalized treatment plans designed to manage your pet’s specific needs. Treatment may include medication to control seizures, dietary changes, or other interventions based on the underlying cause.

How to Support Your Dog During a Seizure

Witnessing your dog have a seizure can be frightening, but there are ways to support them:

  • Your dog needs you to be their calm, reassuring presence.
  • Remove any objects that could harm your dog during the seizure.
  • Avoid trying to hold or comfort your dog physically during the seizure, as this can lead to unintended injury.
  • Keeping track of how long the seizure lasts can provide valuable information to your vet.
  • After the seizure, it’s important to call Best Friends Veterinary Hospital for further instructions or to schedule an appointment.

When to Call Best Friends Veterinary Hospital

If your dog exhibits any of the symptoms mentioned above or has a seizure that lasts more than a few minutes, it’s time to call us. Even if the seizure is brief, scheduling a check-up is a good idea to rule out any serious conditions and discuss the best care plan for your pet. At Best Friends Veterinary Hospital, we’re here to provide expert care and support for your dog at every step. If you’re concerned about seizures or any aspect of your dog’s health, call us and make an appointment online. Together, we can ensure your dog leads a healthy, happy life.

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About Best Friends Veterinary Hospital

Our veterinarians and staff warmly welcome dogs, cats, and a variety of exotic pets as patients here at our animal hospital, and we offer a host of services to give your unique family member a lifetime of excellent care.